Social Security | TCTA
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Social Security

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The vast majority of Texas school districts do not participate in Social Security, so most school employees are not entitled to Social Security benefits unless they paid into that system through other employment (for at least 40 quarters) or have spouses eligible for Social Security. However, federal laws reduce, or in some cases eliminate, the amount of Social Security benefits received in those situations.

Government Pension Offset

If you retire from a district that does not participate in Social Security but are eligible for benefits through your spouse, the GPO will reduce the amount of your spousal or survivor Social Security benefits by two-thirds of the amount of your TRS pension. The GPO does not affect the amount of your TRS pension.

An employee must work at least the last 60 months prior to retirement in a position that pays into both TRS and Social Security to be exempt from the GPO.

GPO details

Windfall Elimination Provision

If you work in a district not participating in Social Security but are eligible for Social Security benefits because of previous employment in which you paid into Social Security, you may be subject to the WEP. The effect of this offset is not generally as severe as that of the GPO, but it may still be significant.

WEP details

Click here for an unofficial list of Texas school districts participating in Social Security.

TCTA continues to urge repeal of the offsets through our Washington lobbying efforts and has supported federal legislation that would implement a fairer calculation of the WEP penalty. See our Q&A on Social Security benefits.


TCTA training on Social Security

Watch TCTA's free online continuing education video "Social Security Retirement Benefits: What you Need to Know" for 1.25 CPE hours by signing in here and looking for the title in the CPE tab.

TCTA continues to urge repeal of the offsets through our Washington lobbying efforts and has supported federal legislation that would implement a fairer calculation of the WEP penalty. See our Q&A on Social Security benefits.